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Home / Issues / № 2, 2016

Engineering

SOFTWARE MEASUREMENT INFORMATION PROCESSING MEMS SENSOR
Nikonova G.V., Yessimhanova A.M.

For selected studies MPXV10GC6U silicon piezoresistive pressure sensor in the sensor housing SOP firm Freescale Semiconductor, intended for measuring the pressure in the range from 0 to 10 kP. Due to lack of normalized output and compensation of temperature error on the measurement result with such a sensor nonlinearity error affects the output characteristics [1].

Problem Definition:

An ideal linear output characteristic described by the formula: Vout = Voff + sensitivity * P, where the Vout - output value in mV, Voff - the initial offset of the sensor, P - pressure [2]. Nonlinearity error of 1% of full scale, which is 30 mV.

As ADC using a precision 16-bit delta-sigma ADC Texas Instruments ADS1110 firms with differential inputs and continuous self-calibration. Built-in reference voltage source provides a range of 2.048 V  in the differential input ± 2.048 V. ADS1110 uses I2C serial interface and operates from a single power supply voltage + 2.7 ... 5.5 V. The ADS1110 can perform the conversion with a frequency 15, 30, 60, 240 samples per second. Built-in amplifier with programmable gain to 8 can measure weak signals with a high resolution [3].

Relevance:

Pairing the test bench with a personal computer provides ARDUINO UNO board based on MK Atmel AVR ATmega328P. As part ARDUINO UNO: 14 digital inputs / outputs, 6 analog inputs, a quartz resonator 16 MHz, connectors: USB, power supply, circuit programming (ICSP) and the reset button.

Market analysis:

Linearization of the output parameter sensor carried virtual instrument LabVIEW software environment in the company National Instruments, by introducing correction factors and the actual non-linear approximation to the ideal output characteristic line [3]. To find the real conversion functions necessary to perform calibration of sensor used. Calibration is performed in the operating range of the sensor from 0 to 10 kP in steps of 1 kP. Experimental points obtained during calibration approximated by a polynomial of degree N, the more the higher the degree of the polynomial approximation accuracy. LabVIEW enables us to construct a polynomial approximating the desired degree and calculate its coefficients using the General Polynomial Fit.

The developed program laid equation of perfect function and obtained by constructing a polynomial coefficient of the equation of a polynomial function. The measured voltage value from the ADC received by an MC is transmitted to the program, which is the value given to the ideal linear function, and the resulting polynomial. The difference in the values ​​is the correction factor, the measured value approximating to the ideal linear transducer conversion function. Thus, realized linearization function allows you to reduce the multiplicative error sensor nonlinearity. Also, the program eliminates zero initial displacement sensor and ADC, eliminating the additive error sensor and ADC.

To display the graph the ideal sensor and the actual output of a polynomial function, simultaneously with the measurement results, given initial degree of the polynomial in the appropriate window. For clarity, the display located below the graph of the cell, the current value is not linearized output voltage from the sensor to the mV and V, and the corresponding pressure in kP. Below are the cells that display compensated (reduced to an ideal output characteristic) in the mV voltage, and corresponding to this pressure value kP.

Research:

In this paper, the method of compensation nonlinearity basic error of MEMS sensors parameters. To compensate for nonlinearity of the analog pressure sensors has developed a program for the study of the characteristics of the sensor output analog and implemented an algorithm of its linearization.



References:
[1]. Peter G. Hartwell. Rethinking. MEMS sensor design for the masses//Electronic Engineering Times Europe, March 2010.

[2]. Nikonova G.V., Yessimkhanova A.M. Nano- and Micro-Electromechanical (n-MEMS) sensors for remote monitoring systems. International Journal Of Applied And Fundamental Research. – 2015. – № 2 – URL: www.science-sd.com/461-24933.

[3]. Nikonova G.V., Markelov A.S. Linearization calibration curves pressure sensor // Computer measurement technologies. 2015. pp.290–293.



Bibliographic reference

Nikonova G.V., Yessimhanova A.M. SOFTWARE MEASUREMENT INFORMATION PROCESSING MEMS SENSOR. International Journal Of Applied And Fundamental Research. – 2016. – № 2 –
URL: www.science-sd.com/464-25192 (19.10.2021).